Orthopedic injuries are incredibly common today, especially during situations where a negligent party caused some form of personal injury.
Due to the wide range of forms that orthopedic injuries can come in, thousands of Georgia residents sustain these bodily damages each year. Orthopedic is defined as the medical specialty that handles the correction of deformities and impairments of skeletal system functions. As such, spine, muscle, and ligament damage is common in orthopedic injuries. These types of injuries often take quite a while to surface. In fact, some orthopedic injuries may take several months, even years, to eventually appear.
Accident situations such as motor vehicle collisions, slip and fall accidents, and sports-related injuries, to name a few, are all commonly linked to orthopedic damage. Due to the widespread nature of these types of bodily damages, they tend to occur at an alarming rate. Regardless of how much immediate pain is sustained, all victims of any type of accident are encouraged to seek medical care to determine exactly what has resulted. Neglecting to see a doctor may cause the original injury to worsen over time.
Common Orthopedic Injuries
Almost every part of the body is vulnerable to an orthopedic injury, including the neck, feet, legs, knee, spinal cord, shoulders, hips, arms, ankles, wrist, elbows, and hands. All types of orthopedic damages are painful for the injured party. While the severity of the injury will certainly impact the level of pain, all of these injuries are linked to substantial discomfort. The following are the most common types of orthopedic injuries sustained today:
Strains and Sprains
When a ligament is overstretched, it is possible for a strain or sprain to develop. When the overstretching is very severe, a muscle tear may occur which is referred to as a muscle strain.
Also referred to as broken bones, bone fractures occur when a strong force, stress, or impact is placed upon the bone and eventually causes it to break. Fractured bones are often linked to edema that is caused when the blood vessel is torn, adding significant pain to the injury.
Hip and Knee
Arthritis, dislocations, and the separation of bones are often linked to hip and knee damage. Typically, these injuries may take a bit of time to surface. However, ACL, PCL, and MCL damages will be noticeable immediately following the injury.
The skull is composed of eight bones located in the cranial region of the body. When an extremely strong force is applied to the head, the skull is vulnerable to a fracture, a common occurrence in an auto accident. The most common head injuries brain damage, concussions, and traumatic brain injury.
Shoulder and Elbow
The details regarding these injuries are very similar to that of hip and knee injuries. The most common types of shoulder and elbow damage include tennis elbow, olecranon bursitis, and golfers elbow, all common sports-related injuries.
When uric acid accumulates in the body’s joint fluid, gout is likely to occur. Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common form of gout, yet arthritis and joint pain are the most frequently seen pains.
When the patellar tendon is irritated at the tibial tuberosity, Osgood Schlatter has taken place, often recognized by a lump below the knee that is very painful. The most common sufferers of this injury are adolescents and car accident victims.
Treatment of Orthopedic Damage
Orthopedic injuries are frequently linked into categories. These categories include compressive injuries, sprains and strains, tendonitis, fractures, degenerative joint disease, and osteochontral injuries. All of these injuries are likely to be treated without the need for surgery. These injury categories are then grouped into the following stages:
- Acute: 4 to 14 days
- Subacute: 14 to 60 days
- Chronic: more than 60 days
Treatment for these injuries generally involves physical therapy sessions in order to regain muscle and joint strength. This is often achieved through laser therapy, electrical stimulation, ultrasounds, and physical exercises to prevent the inflammatory response. As such, most patients are prescribed painkillers and anti-inflammatory medication to reduce swelling and ease pain.