A fractured nose, more commonly known as a broken nose, involves the breaking of one of the bones in the nose. The human nose is composed of two rectangular bones that are side-by-side just at the upper and middle part of the face. These two nasal bones are what comprise the bridge of the nose.
According to the Mayo Clinic, these types of fractures are on the most common types of facial injuries due to the protrusion of the nose. A National Hospital Ambulatory Care Survey notes that 913,000 persons visited the emergency room in 2010 seeking treatment for trauma to the face and neck. Such injuries can also lead to damage of the nasal septum and walls of the nose.
A broken nose is commonly caused by some type of trauma to the face and the precise causes can vary. If you or a loved one has suffered a broken nose due to another individual’s negligence, the victim may be entitled to compensation for medical expenses, pain and suffering, lost wages, and more.
Causes of a Broken Nose
During a motor vehicle accident, front and back seat passengers will often lurch forward and back during the sudden impact. The steering wheel, dashboard, and front-side seats are all dangers that could lead to a broken nose. Between 2001 and 2006, the Georgia Department of Transportation estimated that more than 1 million people were injured in motor vehicle accidents throughout the state.
Some further causes of a broken nose include:
A broken may nose may also be caused by intentional acts such as acts of violence or road rage accidents.
Broken Nose Symptoms
When an individual suffers from a broken nose it is a rather noticeable personal injury. However, trauma can also lead to swelling which is sometimes mistaken for a broken nose. Knowing what further signs and symptoms are associated with a broken nose can help an individual know when they should seek medical attention.
Some common signs and symptoms of a fractured nose include:
- Nose Pain
- Crooked or Bent Appearance
- Bruising Around the Eyes or Nose
- Runny Nose or Nosebleeds
- Grating Sound When Touching or Rubbing Nose
- Blocked Nasal Passages
If you believe you’ve suffered a fractured nose it is important to keep your head elevated and apply ice to the injured areas. Seek medical treatment right away to diagnose the problem and remedy the injury.
Treating a Broken Nose
Through physical examination and x-rays, doctors will determine if a person has suffered a fractured nose. Treatment will be performed approximately 7 to 14 days after the injury occurred.
Treating a broken nose includes:
- Straightening the bone and cartilage
- Splints or nasal packing, if necessary
- Surgery (for complicated fractures)
Pain medication and antibiotics may also be prescribed to the injury victim. It is important to seek treatment right away as there are several complications that could arise, including:
- Change in appearance of the nose
- Nasal septum hematoma (blood in the septum)
- Collapse of the bridge of the nose
- Crooked or deviated septum
- Change in the sense of smell
- Permanent difficulty breathing
The sooner an individual seeks treatment for a broken nose, the less likely permanent damage might occur.