There are many more people choosing to travel on foot these days. People are commuting to work or the supermarket in an environmentally friendly form of transportation. Walking and running also promote a healthy and active lifestyle. For these reasons, there are many more pedestrians using roadways, crosswalks, and sidewalks. Due to the increase in foot traffic, accidents occurring between motor vehicles and pedestrians are greater now than in the past. Since pedestrians do not have any protection, they are susceptible to severe and fatal injuries if struck by a vehicle.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released a 2017 report showing nearly 6,000 pedestrians were killed in vehicle-related accidents in the U.S. that year. That same year, another 137,000 individuals required emergency room treatment as pedestrians injured in nonfatal vehicle crashes.